I am showing signs of being a diabetic. Since most of my family members are diagnosed to be diabetics, I want to be vigilant and create a diabetic diet plan for myself so that it won’t get worse.
A low carb diet is in order. Mendosa’s Low Glycemic Index Diet is the best you can get . In one week you will know what to eat and what not and how much.
This table includes the glycemic index and glycemic load of more than 2,480 individual food items. Not all of them, however, are available in the United States. They represent a true international effort of testing around the world.
The glycemic index (GI) is a numerical system of measuring how much of a rise in circulating blood sugar a carbohydrate triggers–the higher the number, the greater the blood sugar response. So a low GI food will cause a small rise, while a high GI food will trigger a dramatic spike. A list of carbohydrates with their glycemic values is shown below. A GI is 70 or more is high, a GI of 56 to 69 inclusive is medium, and a GI of 55 or less is low.
The glycemic load (GL) is a relatively new way to assess the impact of carbohydrate consumption that takes the glycemic index into account, but gives a fuller picture than does glycemic index alone. A GI value tells you only how rapidly a particular carbohydrate turns into sugar. It doesn’t tell you how much of that carbohydrate is in a serving of a particular food. You need to know both things to understand a food’s effect on blood sugar. That is where glycemic load comes in. The carbohydrate in watermelon, for example, has a high GI. But there isn’t a lot of it, so watermelon’s glycemic load is relatively low. A GL of 20 or more is high, a GL of 11 to 19 inclusive is medium, and a GL of 10 or less is low.
Foods that have a low GL almost always have a low GI. Foods with an intermediate or high GL range from very low to very high GI.
Both GI and GL are listed here. The GI is of foods based on the glucose index–where glucose is set to equal 100. The other is the glycemic load, which is the glycemic index divided by 100 multiplied by its available carbohydrate content (i.e. carbohydrates minus fiber) in grams. (The “Serve size (g)” column is the serving size in grams for calculating the glycemic load; for simplicity of presentation I have left out an intermediate column that shows the available carbohydrates in the stated serving sizes.) Take, watermelon as an example of calculating glycemic load. Its glycemic index is pretty high, about 72. According to the calculations by the people at the University of Sydney’s Human Nutrition Unit, in a serving of 120 grams it has 6 grams of available carbohydrate per serving, so its glycemic load is pretty low, 72/100*6=4.32, rounded to 4.
You can forget the metformin for now.
There are 4 key steps to controlling glucose levels.
Here are the 4 keys:
2) Meds. Metformin to start. Never , ever take Actos or Avandia. They may kill you. Bone fractures, heart problems and what diabetics really don’t need is that they change Bone Stem Cells to Fat Cells.
3)diet- A low carb diet is in order. I can’t count carbs so I use Mendosa’s Glycemic Index Diet. Great for the whole family.
4) EXERCISE- Walking is fine but Nordic Walking is Great. Exercise also lowers Glucose levels , lowers Cholesterol and lowers Blood Pressure. Google it.
Exercise is very important.
If Diabetes is poorly controlled, the children will be at increased risk of some short-term or long-term complications. In this light, we will introduce some detailed dietary and nursing suggestions in the hope of helping to management children Diabetes better.
Now we need to firstly know what is targeted blood sugar level in children.
The targeted range among children is different from that in adults. For children 0-6, aimed BG levels are: fasting blood glucose 5.6-10 mmol/l, bedtime BG 6.1-11.1mmol/l; for children 6-12 yongesters, BG targets are much stricter: FBG 5.0-7.2mmol/l, bedtime number is 5.0-10 mmol/l. At 13-19 years old, FBG 5.0-7.2mmol/l, night time range is 5.0-8.3mmol/L.
After clear understanding of the targets, we will introduce detailed dietary and nursing suggestions to control Children Diabetes:
First, scientific diet.
First, Dietary therapy principles: control the diet properly so as to lessen pancreatic beta cell burdens, avoid acute complications and delay chronic diabetic complications. But because the children are important growing phage, the total nutrient and energy supplement should be ensured.
Specific practice suggestions:
◆Generally, for children<10 years old, energy supplement to children can be 100ka/kg.d, and can be 70-80ka/kg.d among those over 10 years old. But adjustments are needed based on the body weight and daily activity intensity.
◆Carbohydrates account for over 50% among total energies. Preferred choices are polyose products, such as flour, brown rice, oats, corn, buckwheats, etc.
◆Fruits are allowed on premise that blood glucose is well controlled. Low glycemic fruits are better.
◆Proteins take up for 20% of total energies. Baby no more than 12 months needs an average 2.5g/kg each day. Protein intake 1.5-2.0g/kg.d among 1-3 year old children, and over 3g/kg if the child is older than three years old. At least 50% of dietary proteins come from high quality sources, priorities are fish, meat, egg, milk, etc. In case of combined kidney damage, beans and bean products should be avoided.
◆Fat content foods take up for 30% in energy sources. Plant oil is better than animal oil; avoid speck and animal fats. Restrict high cholesterol products such as egg white, animal viscera and roes. On the other hand, high fiber foods help to improve insulin resistance, lower blood lipids and increase abdomen fullness.
Second, proper exercise. Children are likely to do more activities and movements. Various kinds of excise will be beneficial for reducing insulin resistance and high blood lipids and blood glucose. It is better to do exercise after meals or one hour after an added meal. Fasting exercise as a risk factor for hypoglycemia should be avoided. Suggestion is to measure blood sugar levels before and after meals. In the periods when blood sugar fluctuates, it is better to increase frequency of measuring blood glucose.
Third, take caution in the control of blood glucose.
◆For Children, blood sugar level may likely to elevate in nighttime. Parents are advised to test blood sugar level at 2.am regularly, and if necessary, make adjustments for insulin dosage before sleeping.
◆Children need to take down the insulin pump during washing, during this time blood glucose may decrease and further cause such symptoms as fatigue, blurry vision, cramps, coma, etc. The solution is to increase insulin injection before washing.
◆Bring some candies and snacks for rapid energy supplement after strenuous exercise.
◆If the patient present any discomfort, such as blurred vision, headache, headache, limb numbness, tingling or pinning, it is time to call on the doctors and make certain medicine or dietary changes.
Hope the above dietary plan and nursing suggestions is of help for you! Hope our joint efforts can help control children Diabetes better.